What is Helicobacter Pylori?
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a type of bacteria that infects your stomach and duodenum. It attacks the lining that protects your stomach by neutralizing your stomach acid, leading to possible stomach or duodenum sores or ulcers. H. pylori is identified by IARC as a group 1 carcinogen for gastric cancer.
Why use UU Tube by INDICAID?
H. pylori is identified as a group 1 carcinogen for gastric cancer or lymphoma apart from causing other gastric ailments, while most infected people do not develop any symptoms. Testing in time and receive appropriate treatment can attain a cure rate as high as 85% and lower the risk of potential complications caused by a H. pylori infection.
What are the symptoms of H. pylori infection?
Most people do not realize that they have H. pylori infection as only 20% of those infected develop signs and symptoms.

Symptoms of infection include:

  • Early symptoms: bloating, nausea, vomit, frequent burping, weight loss, stomach pain and loss of appetite
  • Severe symptoms: peptic ulcer, anemia and black stools
What are the potential complications of H. pylori infection?
H. pylori infection can cause gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, gastric lymphoma or iron deficiency anemia etc.

The potential of developing more severe illnesses from a H. pylori infection cannot be ruled out even if no symptom is observed. Discovering a H. pylori infection at an early stage and receiving treatment can lower the risk of potential stomach illnesses.

It is important to eliminate H. pylori even if you recover from stomach illnesses as the H. pylori that remains in your stomach can lead to potential recurrence of illnesses.

How does H. pylori spread?
H. pylori bacteria are believed to be passed from person to person through direct contact with saliva, vomit or stool. It may also spread through contaminated food or water.
What are the treatments to H. pylori infection?
H. pylori infected persons should consult a doctor for appropriate treatments. Patients usually receive "triple therapy" by taking antibiotics for 1-2 weeks. Its side effects are relatively mild and can achieve an efficacy of 85%.
What type of specimen does UU Tube use?
UU tube tests for H. pylori antigen in human stool specimens.
How to use? Is it complicated?
Stool Sample Collection
  1. Lift the toilet seat, take out the stool collection paper from the packaging
  2. Tear the double-sided tapes on both ends of the stool collection paper, and stick it onto both sides of the toilet body (ensure that the middle of the stool collection paper hangs above the water surface in the toilet)
  3. Put down the toilet seat and carefully press the stool collection paper. Defecate onto the stool collection paper
Performing Your Test
  1. After defecation, take out the test device from the packaging and start performing the test
  2. Pull off the orange cap on the top of the test device. Insert the threaded end of the sampling stick into the stool at 5 different points to collect specimens
  3. Insert the sampling stick back into the test device after sample collection is completed
  4. Shake the test device for about 10 seconds to fully mix the stool sample into the diluent
  5. Break off the white limit block from the cap. Keep the test device in the upright position, press the orange cap down to the lowest level, and start timing
  6. Wait 10 minutes at room temperature for the result (results after 20 minutes are regarded as invalid)
How to interpret the results?
  • Negative: A line appears in region (C)
  • Positive: A line appears in regions (C) and (T)
  • Invalid: No line appears in region (C)
What does an invalid result mean?
The test could not indicate whether you have a H. pylori infection in the sample.

The test needs to be repeated with a new test kit and a freshly collected sample.

What does a positive result mean?
The result indicates the presence of H. pylori antigen in the sample.

Even a very faint line next to 'T' should be considered positive if there is also a ‘C’ line.

It is strictly forbidden to take medicine by yourself based on the test results. Please contact your doctor, report your test result and receive relevant treatments.

What does a negative result mean?
The result indicates that no H. pylori antigen is detected in the sample, the risk of infection is very low.

A negative result does not rule out a H. pylori infection, please seek follow-up with your doctor if necessary.

It is advised to test for H. pylori annually as as its rates of transmission and infection are very high, regular check-ups with relevant treatments can lower the risk of future complications.

Who should use UU Tube?
UU Tube is especially suitable for the elderly, households with infected persons, families with history of gastric cancer, and people with stomach ailments or residing in crowded or unhygienic living conditions etc.
Is an empty stomach required prior to testing?
No, an empty stomach or fasting is not required prior to testing.
Is any medication required prior to testing?
No medication is required prior to testing.
How often should I conduct the test?
It is advised to test for H. pylori annually as as its rates of transmission and infection are very high, regular check-ups with relevant treatments can lower the risk of future complications.

If you have received treatment to H. pylori infection, repeat testing for H. pylori at least 4 weeks after the treatment is recommended. If the test result is positive, you should contact your doctor and seek further treatments.

Any precautions for the test?
  • Do not touch the tip of the sampling stick
  • Do not reuse. Test components are for single-use only
  • Leave the test device sealed in its pouch until just before use. Once opened, the test device should be used within 1 hour
  • The test result of this kit should be identified visually. In order to ensure anaccurate test results, please do not identify the test result in dim light condition
  • Store at 2-30°C and the shelf life is 12 months. Do not freeze. Avoid direct sunlight
  • The test device should be used at 15-30°C and humidity 20%-90%. The result should be read after 10-20 minutes. Results after 20 minutes are regarded as invalid
  • This test is single-use. The used test device and samples may be potentially infected, and should be properly disposed of in accordance with relevant regulations
  • The test device cannot be tilted during the test process and should always be kept in an upright position